Foods to Avoid if You Have Hashimoto's

Foods to Avoid if You Have Hashimoto's

Hashimoto's disease, alternatively termed Hashimoto's thyroiditis, represents an autoimmune condition where your immune system targets the thyroid gland. As a result, you deal with hypothyroidism or an underactive thyroid. Managing Hashimoto's involves not only medical treatment but also dietary considerations. The foods you consume daily can significantly impact your symptoms and overall well-being. This article will provide an in-depth look at Hashimoto's disease, foods and drinks to avoid, and beneficial dietary choices to support your thyroid health. You can trust our Hashimoto disease specialist at Revive Integrative Health to guide you! 

Don't Consume These Foods and Drinks

While everyone's body reacts differently to various foods, certain items are generally known to exacerbate Hashimoto's disease symptoms or interfere with thyroid function. Please take note of the following foods and drinks you should try to avoid if you are dealing with Hashimoto's disease. Avoiding these foods can help you manage inflammation, maintain balanced hormone levels, and improve your overall well-being.


Gluten is a protein found in rye, barley, and wheat. It is notorious for potentially exacerbating symptoms in individuals with Hashimoto's disease. Many people with Hashimoto's also exhibit gluten sensitivity, leading to an immune response that can heighten thyroid inflammation. Emerging research suggests that adopting a gluten-free diet may yield benefits for some individuals with Hashimoto's, potentially reducing symptoms and enhancing thyroid function.

Soy and Soy Products

Soy and soy-based products contain isoflavones, compounds that have been shown to interfere with thyroid function by inhibiting the thyroid peroxidase enzyme, which is crucial for synthesizing thyroid hormones. Individuals with Hashimoto's should limit or avoid soy products such as tofu, soy milk, soy sauce, and edamame to support thyroid health.

Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables, including broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, kale, and Brussels sprouts, are renowned for their numerous health benefits. However, these veggies also contain goitrogens, compounds that can impede thyroid hormone synthesis. While incorporating cruciferous vegetables into your diet is beneficial, consuming them excessively, especially in raw form, may negatively affect thyroid function. Cooking these vegetables can help mitigate their goitrogenic effects.

Processed Foods

Processed foods, often laden with refined sugars, unhealthy fats, and additives, will contribute to inflammation and disrupt immune function, exacerbating symptoms in individuals with Hashimoto's. Not eating fast food, sugary snacks, and packaged meals is crucial for maintaining optimal thyroid health and overall well-being.

Excess Iodine

Yes, iodine is essential for thyroid function. However, excessive intake can worsen symptoms of Hashimoto's disease. Foods rich in iodine, like iodized salt, seaweed, and certain seafood, should be consumed in moderation to prevent adverse effects on thyroid health.


Dairy products have the potential to trigger digestive issues and inflammation in some individuals with Hashimoto's. Lactose intolerance is common among people with thyroid disorders, necessitating careful monitoring of dairy consumption. If symptoms persist or worsen after consuming dairy, eliminating it from your diet may be beneficial.

Nightshade Vegetables

Nightshade vegetables, including tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and potatoes, contain solanine, a compound that can induce inflammation and exacerbate autoimmune symptoms in susceptible individuals. Monitoring your body's response to nightshades and limiting or avoiding them if symptoms flare up can help manage Hashimoto's disease effectively.

Caffeinated Beverages

Caffeine is frequently present in beverages such as coffee, tea, and energy drinks, but it can present difficulties for those dealing with Hashimoto's disease. Caffeine has been shown to interfere with thyroid hormone absorption, potentially exacerbating symptoms such as anxiety and heart palpitations in those with thyroid disorders. Reducing or avoiding caffeinated drinks is advisable to support thyroid health and minimize symptoms. Opting for decaffeinated alternatives or herbal teas can provide a comforting beverage option without the potential adverse effects of caffeine.

Sugary Drinks

Sugary beverages, including soda, fruit juices, and sweetened drinks, can contribute to inflammation and blood sugar spikes, which can adversely affect thyroid function. Consuming excessive amounts of sugar can disrupt hormonal balance and exacerbate symptoms of Hashimoto's disease. Choosing healthier drink alternatives, such as water, herbal teas, or infused water with fresh fruits, can help you maintain stable and regular blood sugar levels and support your overall thyroid health. Additionally, limiting sugar intake can aid in weight management, which is beneficial for individuals with thyroid disorders.

Alcoholic Beverages

Alcohol consumption can have various effects on thyroid function and overall health, particularly for individuals with Hashimoto's disease. Alcohol could interfere with thyroid hormone production and metabolism, potentially leading to hormonal imbalances and exacerbating symptoms of thyroid disorders. Moreover, alcohol is known to increase inflammation throughout the body, which can further aggravate autoimmune responses in individuals with Hashimoto's. To manage symptoms effectively and promote optimal thyroid health, it's advisable to limit or avoid alcohol consumption. Opting for non-alcoholic beverages like sparkling water with lemon or herbal mocktails can provide refreshing alternatives without the negative impacts of alcohol on thyroid function.

Get Help with Hashimoto's Today

Managing Hashimoto's disease involves a comprehensive approach that includes medication, lifestyle changes, and dietary modifications. It is crucial to avoid particular foods and drinks that can exacerbate symptoms and interfere with thyroid function. Instead, focus on incorporating nutrient-dense foods and beverages that support overall health and reduce inflammation.

At Revive Integrative Health, we understand the challenges of managing Hashimoto's and are here to provide guidance and support on your journey to better health. If you have any questions or need personalized advice on managing Hashimoto's diet and lifestyle, please don't hesitate to contact us. Our Hashimoto disease specialist is devoted and committed to helping you achieve optimal health and well-being.

Call Revive Integrative Health

For more information on managing Hashimoto's disease and personalized dietary advice, contact Revive Integrative Health in Portland, Maine. Our expert team is here to help you navigate your health journey with comprehensive care and support. Schedule a consultation with our Hashimoto disease specialist now and take the first step toward a healthier, happier life.


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